Today, more than 37 million people are infected with HIV. About the same number of people have already died as a result of HIV since the illness was first described in 1981.
Thanks to the enormous efforts of university research centers and the pharmaceutical industry, more than 25 HIV drugs have been developed. The paradigm of HIV care has thus shifted from dying from HIV, to living with the virus. The daily intake of HIV drugs can lead to a major increase in life expectancy so that it moves closer to that of uninfected people. HIV positive women can now also become pregnant with a very limited risk of transmitting the virus to the baby. Alas, the current medication can control the illness but not cure it.